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                        Tip Truck Hoisting Systems




                        Background: AS1418.8 – 2008 Cranes, hoists and special purpose appliances originated in 1989. It was revised in 2002 at which time section 5 – Requirements for Earthmoving Equipment, and section 6 – Side Boom Pipe Layers were added. The document was revised again in 2008.


                        Section 4 – Tip Truck Hoisting Systems was part of the original document.

                        It is our experience that the requirements set out in this section of the standard are very rarely all found on a machine. As a result, we regularly receive questions regarding the requirement for load holding valves, safety props, emergency stops and hold to run controls on tippers.


                        Plant Assessor questions on tip truck hoisting systems

                        Plant Assessor applies the following questions to all trucks that have a tipping body including tipping trucks and trailers, dump trucks, garbage trucks, street sweepers, tilt trays and vacuum tanks. These are the questions you can expect in a tip truck risk assessment.

                        Question Standard Reference

                        Are the load carrying cylinders to the tipping body on this item of plant fitted with automatic means (e.g. load-holding valves) to prevent uncontrolled movement of the unit in the case of loss of power or hydraulic failure?

                        AS1418.8-2008 clause 4.4.4(b)

                        Does the tipping body have an approved mechanical safety support with a clear and legible instruction label adjacent?

                        AS1418.8-2008 clause 4.4.4(d)

                        Does this item of plant have an emergency stop device which meets the following criteria?

                        1. Is operational
                        2. Is coloured red with yellow background
                        3. Is clearly labeled as to purpose and method of operation
                        4. Is easily accessible to the operator(s) at all times whilst operating this item of plant
                        5. Resetting of emergency stop does not automatically restart the machine
                        6. Is located at each operator control station.
                        AS1418.8-2008 clause 4.4.3

                        Are the operator controls fitted to the tipping body the "hold to run" type which automatically return to the neutral position when released?

                        AS1418.8-2008 clause

                        Are all controls orientated so that the movement of the control is consistent with the action of the machine e.g. moving a control lever to the left results in the machine turning to the left?



                        Tips on how to answer these tip truck risk assessment questions


                        • Read all of the question, then look at the required area, re-read the question if necessary

                        • If you have any doubt contact us (see below)


                        Emergency stop (IMAGE 1):

                        • This question cannot be answered Not Applicable.

                        • Adjacent means next to, when operating the tipping body controls you must be able to reach the emergency stop with the same hand.

                        • If there is more than one set of controls for the tipping body, there must be more than one emergency stop.


                        Hold to run (IMAGE 1):

                        • This question cannot be answered Not Applicable.

                        • The control must only be able to be held in the up or down position by the operator.

                        • If the operator takes their hand off the control, the control must move to the neutral position.


                        Orientation (IMAGE 1):

                        • This question cannot be answered Not Applicable.

                        • The up and down movement of the tipping body should be as closely mimicked by the controls as possible.

                        • Sideways buttons should be answered NO.


                        Load holding valves (IMAGE 2):

                        • This question cannot be answered Not Applicable.

                        • The valve must be connected directly to the cylinder or by steel pipe. There must be no flexible hoses between the cylinder and the valve.


                        Mechanical safety support & label (IMAGE 3 & 4):

                        • This question cannot be answered Not Applicable.

                        • Prop must be designed to hold weight of tipping body.

                        • It should be possible to engage and disengage the prop without placing the user in danger.

                        • The label should be on both sides of the truck.

                        • Can only be answered YES when both support and label are present.



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                        Disclaimer: This information is intended to provide general information on the subject matter. This is not intended as legal or expert advice for your specific situation. You should seek professional advice before acting or relying on the content of this information. 

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