20 Nov AS1418.19:2007 out, AS10896.1:2019 in
AS1418.19:2007 out 👉🏼
AS10896.1:2019 in 👈🏼
Paul Dean | Founder, Technical Director
In August of this year AS1418.19:2007 Cranes, hoists and winches – Telescopic handlers was superseded by a modified version of ISO10896.1:2019. AS10896.1:2019 Rough-terrain trucks – Safety requirements and verification Part 1: Variable-reach trucks (ISO10896.1:2012, Modified) is the new Australian Standard for Telescopic handlers.
The replacement of a specific Australian Standard with a modified International standard is more than just a trend these days. This is now commonplace and I believe a positive thing for many reasons not the least of which is that it makes it easier for manufacturers, suppliers and machine users to have one set of requirements to manage.
There are a lot of additional requirements included in this new Australian Standard. The details of these can be found in the table below.
Apart from the additions outlined in the table below, there are two noteworthy changes. These are –
1. Currently each standard in the AS 1418 series has a corresponding standard in the AS 2550 standard series that outlines the requirements for safe use, inspection and maintenance of the machines covered by each of the AS 1418 standards. In each of the AS 1418 standards there is a reference to the corresponding AS 2550 standards. The new standard however does not contain any reference to AS 2550.19:2007 Cranes, hoists and winches – Safe use – Telescopic handlers.
AS 2550.19:2007 is still a current standard and as such the requirements contained in the standard will continue to appear in Plant Assessor where required.
2. This standard does not cover slewing telescopic handlers, only articulated and rigid telescopic handlers.
a. Slewing trucks, lorry-mounted trucks, freely swinging loads and straight-masted trucks are to form the subjects of future parts 2, 3, 4 and 5.
b. Additional requirements for trucks intended for freely swinging load applications, their lifting devices and attachments are being developed by ISO/TC 110/SC4.
c. Design specifications for trucks fitted with personnel/work platforms, designed to move persons to elevated working positions, are set out in AS/NZS 1418.10 (Cranes Hoists and Winches – Mobile elevating work platforms)
Plant Assessor will continue to apply the requirements of AS1418.19 until the new ISO & Australian Standards are released.
Where deemed applicable, the additions in the table below will start appearing in Plant Assessor soon.
If you have any questions please contact the friendly team at Plant Assessor anytime.
Additions table –
Means shall be provided to prevent powered travel when the operator is not in the normal operating position.
Powered travel shall not occur automatically when the operator returns to the normal operating position without an additional operation, e.g. by reset of the direction control to neutral.
Application of the parking brake shall apply neutral travel control.
Means shall be provided to warn the operator, if he/she leaves the operating position when the parking brake is not applied.
It shall be possible to disconnect batteries quickly, e.g. by a quick coupling or an accessible isolator switch. Symbol 2063 of ISO 7000 may be used for identification.
If an inching pedal is fitted, it shall be depressed to modulate the transmission and may apply the service brake. It shall be capable of being operated by the operator’s left foot. If there is no separate means of applying the service brake, the inching pedal shall be a single pedal capable of being operated equally by either foot.
The boom float control and the auxiliary hydraulic control(s) (e.g. for concrete mixers, brooms, augers) may be equipped with detents or other devices to maintain engagement of the function. A visual indication that the detent is activated shall be provided to the operator.
The detent mode shall either
- be automatically deactivated when the truck is switched off and not be automatically activated when the truck is switched on, or
- prevent the truck from being restarted until the detent mode is deactivated.
On trucks equipped with boom float control, unintended lowering of the boom shall be protected against.
In addition to the provisions of 22.214.171.124.1, the boom float control mode shall be automatically deactivated when the boom-raising/-lowering control is operated.
Fuel and hydraulic tanks shall be provided with fluid level indicators. Pressure in the tanks exceeding the pressure specified by the manufacturer shall be automatically compensated by a suitable device (vent, safety valve, etc.).
Filling points for fuel and hydraulic oil shall be clearly indicated on the truck using the symbols of ISO 7000.
Doors, windows and flaps shall be securely held in their functional positions; measures shall be taken for preventing inadvertent opening. Doors shall be retained in their intended operating position(s) by a positive engagement device. The door-open locking device for the normal opening shall be releasable from the operator’s station. It shall only be possible to open the boom side window if additional protection is provided to prevent the operator being injured by the boom and/or the opening is small enough to prevent the operator accessing this area from the cab.
If such protection depends solely upon the glass, the truck shall be so designed that, in the event of a missing or broken boom side window, the operator is not at risk of injury.
Windows shall be made of safety glass or other material that provides similar safety performance (see, for example, ECE R43).
Trucks shall be equipped with –
– ROPs in accordance with ISO 3471:2008, Table 1, third list item, and
– FOPs in accordance with ISO 3449, and
– with openings in the top of the overhead guard not exceeding 150 mm in one of the two dimensions, i.e. width or length.
(previously AS2294 was referenced)
Attachment points for tying-down, lifting, retrieval and towing of the truck, and their correct use shall be described in the operator’s manual. These attachment points may be the same if allowed by the manufacturer. If a pin is part of the retrieval, tie-down, lifting or towing device, provision shall be made to retain the pin in place during use and to prevent it from being lost when not in use.
Retrieval points shall be provided at the front and/or rear of the truck.
The capacity of the retrieval point, expressed in newtons, shall be equal to 1,5 times the machine mass multiplied by the acceleration due to gravity. The retrieval point shall withstand the above capacity at the maximum pull angle.
Longitudinal load moment indicator is fitted.
Attachment rated capacity limiter – Mandatory where an actual capacity limiter is not fitted.
The truck manufacturer shall ensure that the attachment bracket has a locking system that meets the following requirements:
- the locking system keeps the attachment bracket in the locked position by a positive engagement system and keeps it locked under all intended/normal operating conditions;
- it is possible to verify the locked position of the attachment bracket from the operator’s position, or from the location where the locking control is operated;
- it is not possible that the bracket be released by malfunction or loss of engagement forces;
- wedge-shape locking systems provide a continuous force (e.g. continuous pressure with open return, hydraulic accumulator, compressed spring) to hold the attachment in the locked position.
The truck manufacturer shall ensure that
- for actuation of a hydraulically operated locking and unlocking system of an attachment bracket, a separate control is provided,
- the control is secured against inadvertent activation (see 126.96.36.199), and
- if the actuation is integrated into a control used for functions other than locking/unlocking the attachment bracket, activation of the unlocking function is only possible by simultaneous actuation of two independent controls, both of the hold-to-run type.
Trucks with an elevating or tiltable operator’s station, regardless of the elevation height, shall be in accordance with 4.10. When the operator’s station is in the lowest position, access shall be in accordance with 4.11.
For tiltable operator’s stations, the seat shall be designed to maintain the operator in the tilted position.
The lift and descent speeds of the operator’s station shall not exceed 0,6 m/s under normal working conditions; 0,4 m/s in the case of hydraulic line rupture. The tilt speed of the tiltable operator station shall not exceed 6°/s under normal working conditions; 4°/s in the case of hydraulic line rupture.
If service or maintenance work has to be done with a raised or tilted operator’s station, a mechanical support device shall be provided. The device shall withstand a force equivalent to twice the mass of the
C.2 Elevating and tilting controls
Elevating and tilting controls shall be clearly marked and protected against unintentional activation.
C.3 Emergency descent
In the event of an engine stop or of an energy source or hydraulic system failure, the operator shall be able to lower the operator’s station to its lowest position or leave the operator’s station safely, e.g. by steps or stairs.
In an emergency, it shall be possible for a person outside the operator’s station to lower the operator’s station safely. As a safety device, the control for emergency lowering shall be marked red.
C.4 Crushing hazards
The hazardous area between the truck’s main frame and the bottom of an elevated/tilted operator’s station shall be marked with warning signs and alternating yellow and black stripes, in compliance with ISO 3864-1 and ISO 3864-2. If the operator does not have a direct view of the hazardous area between the operator’s station and the frame, means such as an exterior mirror or mirrors shall be provided to allow the operator to observe the area when lowering the operator’s station.
C.5 Operator fall protection
If the truck is intended for use with the operator’s station elevated/tilted with an open door, and if a fall hazard exists, a protective device (e.g. bar, chain or strap) shall be provided in the door opening 700 mm above the operator’s station floor. The device shall be secured against unintentional opening.
The ROPS (roll-over protective structure) provisions of 4.12.8 apply to elevating and tiltable operator’s stations with the following exceptions:
- the ROPS for the operator’s station shall be regarded as separate and independent (i.e. not connected to the truck frame);
- only the vertical load test of ISO 3471:2008, 6.3, shall be applied in all planes;
- in the case of a symmetrical design of the structure in one or more directions — front/rear, left/right and top/bottom
- only one test is required for each direction;
- SO 3471:2008, 8 h), does not apply to ROPS for elevating or tiltable operator stations.
C.7 Operator’s manual
The operator’s manual shall contain the specific safety instructions for elevating/tiltable operator stations relating to
- the use of a door protective device (see C.5),
- the operator’s station position when travelling,
- emergency instructions, and
- use of a mechanical support device for maintenance.
As always, Plant Assessor customers can ask me a question regarding standards or legislative obligations anytime, simply email your question to email@example.com and they will be answered in this section of the newsletter each month.
Disclaimer: This information is intended to provide general information on the subject matter. This is not intended as legal or expert advice for your specific situation. You should seek professional advice before acting or relying on the content of this information.